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26th Edition 

Welcome to GPED's 26th Newsletter!

With a new look, new programs and exciting new events coming up, take a look at what we have been up to in GPED Newsletter Issue 26, March 2024. This issue gives you a first look into GPED's new branding and exclusive sneak peek to our upcoming event this year. Read the full issue here.

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The annual GPED symposium will take place
during the ESPE meeting in Rome (September 17th 2022, 1515 - 1645):
Training Program in Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes for Francophone Africa

This year, the GPED symposium focuses on the implementation of the Training Program in Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes for Francophone Africa (Programme d’enseignement en Endocrinologie-Diabétologie pédiatrique pour l’Afrique Francophone [PEDAF]).

The first phase of the program, which aims at building capacity in pediatric endocrinology in Africa, took place in May and June 2022 and was very successful.


Join us to discover this new Program, supported by GPED, ISPAD, SFEDP (Société Française d’Endocrinologie et Diabétologie Pédiatrique), ESPE and LFAC, and funded by the World Diabetes Foundation (WDF) and the Else Kröner-Fresenius-Stiftung (EKFS). The program is as follows:


1515:   Introduction: Why PEDAF (Jean-Pierre Chanoine [Vancouver, Canada])

1525:   Bringing teachers and students together virtually: Université Numérique Francophone Mondiale (Carine de Beaufort [Luxemburg])

1540:   The PEDAF Prerequisite Programme (Suzanne Sap [Yaounde, Cameroon])

1555:   The 2-year PEDAF Master Programme (Patricia Bretones [Lyon, France])

1610:   Round Table: PEDAF: building capacity in pediatric endocrinology in Francophone Africa (in French and English) (Asmahane Ladjouze [Algiers, Algeria], Babacar Niang [Dakar, Senegal] and Pascal Barat [Bordeaux, France])

Take the survey (deadline August 31, 2022):
Access to screening of diabetes complications around the world

The ISPAD group of young investigators (JENIOUS) is inviting you to participate to a project entitled: “Microvascular and macrovascular complications of type 1 Diabetes in children and adolescents: global survey to assess screening, prevention and management practices around the world”.


The information you will provide may help the JENIOUS investigators understand how to improve screening, prevention and treatment of diabetes complications in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes around the world.

The deadline for the study is August 31, 2022.


Below is the link to the survey and its QR code.

For more information, please contact:

Claudia Piona:

Carine de Beaufort:

Bisphosphonates for the management
of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) in Kenya

In April 2022, GPED collaborated with the Center for International Health (CICH) at British Columbia Children’s Hospital in Vancouver to facilitate the delivery of much needed zoledronic acid to children at Machakos Orthopaedic Clinic in Kenya.

The clinic provides affordable care and surgery to patients in rural eastern Kenya, including many children with paediatric orthopaedic conditions such as osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). OI is a genetic disorder, also known as brittle bone disease, that causes pain, frequent fractures that can lead to significant disability if not treated. Zoledronic acid is effective in treating children with OI by strengthening the bones and decreasing the number of fractures. However, medications like zoledronic acid are not covered by Kenya’s National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) and are out of reach for most healthcare facilities.


These life-changing medicines were provided by Health Partners International of Canada’s (HPIC) Access to Medicine program which aims to improve access to medicine in vulnerable communities that are challenged in accessing quality healthcare. HPIC provides Humanitarian Medical Kits to support Canadian volunteers and healthcare professions, such as GPED, to be able to provide these medicines.

GPED had 23 vials sent to Kenya thanks to a visitor who accepted to carry the medicines. Dr Speciosa Mbula Nguku Anaesthesiologist/Pain Specialist at Machakos Center oversaw the distribution of zoledronic acid. She made sure she had a full ward (see picture). Several children were given the injection on the same day, making the best use of this limited resource. She says: “One vial goes so far. Children were admitted overnight and the fellowship they had together was amazing. They met other parents who have the same challenges. Conversations happened. One mum now wants to take her son to school. She had thought that the son couldn't join school. You have given these families hope”.


As pediatric endocrinologists know, biphosphonates not only prevent fractures in patients with OI but also decrease pain very effectively. GPED has put in contact Dr Mbula Ngulu with a patient advocate in Kenya and we are hoping that this will lead to advocacy for better access to zoledronic acid in patients with OI in Kenya in the future.

For more information, please contact:

Dr Speciosa Mbula Nguku

Anaesthesiologist/Pain Specialist

Acumen EA Fellow 2015;; Twitter: @machakosortho

Request for Proposals for Diagnostics gap analysis and national EDL
in ASEAN countries

WHO published the first edition of the Model List of Essential In Vitro Diagnostics (EDL) in May 2018. This was followed by two further editions, in 2019 and 2021 (See GPED Newsletter Issue 19, May 2021). EDL is important to pediatric endocrinologists: it includes an increasing number of diagnostic tests relevant to endocrinology and diabetes and helps national health authorities to prioritize the availability of tests for universal health coverage (UHC) and health emergencies and to promote healthier populations, which are the three strategic priorities of the WHO Thirteenth General Programme of Work (2019–2023).

On 22 July 2022, WHO published a Request for Proposals for Diagnostics gap analysis and national EDL in ASEAN countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam).

The Request for Proposals is published on the United Nations Global Market website:

Please help us to identify possible consulting companies in the ASEAN region.

For more information, please contact:

The WHO 2021 lists of essential medicines for adults (EML) and children (EMLc) now include long-acting analogues of insulin as therapeutic alternatives to human insulin

Every 2 years, WHO publishes a revised List of Essential Medicines for adults (EML, since 1977) and children (EMLc, since 2007). The EMLc is intended for use in children up to 12 years. Human insulin (vials) has been included in the WHO EML since its first edition, in 1977. The most recent EML and EMLc, released in 2021, now include long-acting insulin analogues (insulins detemir, degludec and glargine) for potential inclusion in national EMLs.  


The addition of long-acting insulin analogues was proposed on several occasions over the last few years but had always been rejected on the basis of an unfavourable cost benefit ratio. Several reviews have shown modest but definite clinical benefits (i.e. small decrease in HbA1c, decrease in nocturnal hypoglycemia) in patients with Type 1 diabetes, less so in patients with Type 2 diabetes. The concern expressed by several experts in the field is that inclusion of long-acting analogues in the WHO EML could make insulin further out of reach for patients in LMICs. Indeed, especially in low- and middle-income countries, insulin analogues are much more expensive to the patient than human insulins despite a manufacturing cost that is grossly similar. However, in many high-income countries, where patients can afford insulin analogues, the reality is that pediatric endocrinologists are presently using insulin analogues as first line treatment.

GPED successfully advocated for prequalification of insulin analogues by WHO

Insulin analogues are now included in the EML and EMLc. The next step is to decrease their price and increase access (see next article).

Link to EML and EMLc:



In 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) piloted a prequalification program for human insulin, with the hope that it would increase the number of players in the field (beyond the three major manufacturers, Sanofi, Novo Nordisk and Eli-Lilly, that together account for >95% of all insulin prescribed in the world). Unfortunately, so far, prequalification of human insulin did not attract applications by new manufacturers.

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In May 2022, the International Consortium for Pediatric Endocrinology (ICPE, and NCD Child (, following a recommendation by Global Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes (GPED, wrote to Dr Bente Mikkelsen to request that prequalification of insulin be extended to insulin analogues. Dr Mikkelsen is Director, NCD Department, Division for Universal Health Care/Communicable Diseases and Non Communicable Diseases, World Health Organization. We are delighted to let you know that this process is now approved!

It is hoped that this opportunity to prequalify insulins with the WHO will attract smaller manufacturers interested in reaching out to new markets, increase the number of insulin brands marketed in a country and, ultimately, improve access and decrease the price of insulin in general and insulin analogues in particular.

Pediatric endocrinologists in LMICs can play a key role by promoting this information to their health authorities and to local manufacturers.

For more information, please see:

2nd Invitation to Manufacturers of human insulin and insulin analogues to Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) for Product Evaluation to the WHO Prequalification Team - Biotherapeutic Products (BTPs).

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